Gayane Tovmasyan, PhD, Senior Researcher at “AMBERD” Research Center of the Armenian State University of Economics; Lecturer, Public Administration Academy, the Republic of Armenia
Diana Minasyan , PhD, Lecturer/Associate Professor, Department of Accounting and Auditing of the Armenian State University of Economics; Chief accountant at CJSC “Factory of reinforced bridge concrete structures”, the Republic of Armenia
This paper summarizes the arguments and counterarguments within the scientific discussion on the issue of gender inequality. The main purpose of the research is to find out gender discrimination issues that occur in workplaces in Armenia and suggest some steps for regulating them. Systematization of literary sources and approaches for solving the problem of gender inequality indicates that there are really problems concerning the selection, pay, promotion, evaluation, and other processes in workplaces depending on the gender of an employee. The relevance of the decision of this scientific problem is that female workers face discrimination more than male. Investigation of the topic proves that even in leadership positions men are promoted more than women. Analysis in the paper is carried out in the following logical sequence: the statistical data available are analyzed, and then a survey is done, which reveals some issues of gender inequality in Armenia. Methodological tools of the research methods were analysis and synthesis of the available data, survey, and statistical methods: cross-tabulation with Pearson Chi-square testing, which proves that there are significant relationships between some factors.
The object of the research is the gender inequality issues in Armenia. The paper presents the results of an empirical analysis, which shows that in Armenia women face discrimination in family and workplace, have less opportunities of career promotion, face issues connected with work restrictions, bad attitude, dress code, etc. The research empirically confirms and theoretically proves that the main steps for regulating the issues must be: raising the level of awareness of the people about the subject, making gender equality a component of the educational system, improving public policy, taking more coordinated efforts by non-governmental organizations, etc. The results of the research can be useful for state bodies, labor market, organizations, educational institutions, NGO’s, researchers, etc.
Keywords: gender, inequality, discrimination, Chi-square testing, survey, index.
JEL Classification: D63, I2, J16.
Cite as: Tovmasyan, G., Minasyan, D. (2019). Gender Inequality Issues in the Workplace: Case Study of Armenia. Business Ethics and Leadership, 3(2), 6-17. http://doi.org/10.21272/bel.3(2).6-17.2019.
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