, PhD in Economics, Researcher at “AMBERD” Research Center of the Armenian State University of Economics, Professor at the Public Administration Academy of the Republic of Armenia, the Republic of Armenia
, PhD in Economics, Docent at Armenian National Agrarian University, the Republic of Armenia
Tourism is one of the most rapidly developing branches of the world economy. Scientific tourism is one of the types of tourism which is often considered as knowledge oriented or learning tourism. It is organized mainly by researchers, students, academics, scientists in order to conduct research in a spe-cific area. Scientific tourism activities include participation in expeditions, excavations, congresses, conferences, experiments, contests and other scientific events. In this case science and tourism are connected to each other, as science development promotes tourism.
Armenia has a rich scientific heritage. Many Armenian universities, museums, observatories, laborato-ries, reservations may be of high interest for touristic visits. Besides, Armenian scientific centers may implement international scientific programs including international known scientists and specialists. The aim of this article is to present the essence of scientific tourism, to analyze the bases of scientific tourism development in Armenia, to find out the existing problems and find some solutions for them. At the end of the conducted analysis we have made some suggestions for advancing scientific tourism in Armenia, such as elaborating a strategic development plan of scientific tourism; developing appro-priate tour packages for incoming and domestic tourists; introducing Armenia as a country of scientific tourism abroad with its rich scientific heritage and traditions; including a course about scientific tour-ism in educational programs of tourism specialties of higher and vocational educational institutions; improving the statistics of the sphere; organizing international scientific events, scientific research pro-grams, conferences, forums for attracting and involving international scientists and developing tourism in Armenia.
Keywords: science, tourism, museum, observatory, reservation, expedition, research, scientific tours.
JEL Classification: Z3, L83.
Cite as: Tovmasyan, G., Tovmasyan, R. (2018). Scientific Tourism Development Bases in Armenia. SocioEconomic Challenges, 2(1), 85-90. DOI: 10.21272/sec.2(1).85-90.2018
- Archaeological Tour in Armenia. Available online: http://onewaytour.com/hy/incoming-tours/hnagitakan-tur-hayastanum/.
- Archaeological tour: Pagan Armenia. Available online: https://barevarmenia.com/am/armenia_tours/tour114.
- Armenian Institute of Tourism. Available online: http://www.ait.am/?id=147&lng=3.
- Armenian Scientific Tourism. Available online: https://www.aras.am//ArmSciTourism/reservations.php.
- Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory, Scientific Tourism Center. Available online: https://www.aras.am//SciTourism/eng/index.php.
- CSL Sagueney – Lac St Jean (2005). Tourisme Scientifique, pour voyager autrement. Comité Régional en Tourisme Scientifique, Sagueney – Lac St Jean. 17 p.
- Hall, M. & Saarinen, J. (2010). Polar tourism: Definitions and dimensions. Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, 10(4), 448-467.
- Holbrook, M. B. and Hirschman, E. C. (1982). The Experiential Aspects of Consumption: Consumer Fantasies, Feelings and Fun. Journal of Consumer Research, 9, 132-140.
- Ilyina, L. and Mieczkowski, Z. (1992). Developing scientific tourism in Russia. Tourism Management, 13(3), 327–331.
- Laarman, J. & Perdue, R. (1989). Science tourism in Costa Rica. Annals of Tourism Research, 16(2), 205-215.
- Molokáčová L., Molokáč Š. (2011) Scientific tourism, Tourism in Science or Science in Tourism. Acta Geoturistica, 2(1), 41-45.
- Morse, M. (1997). All the world’s a field: a history of the scientific study tour. Progress in Tourism and Hospitality Research, 3(3), 257-269.
- Offered packages in Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory. Available online: https://www.aras.am//SciTourism/arm/tours.php
- Slocum S., Kline C., Holden A. (2015). Scientific Tourism: Researchers as Travellers, p. 119.
- Smith, W. L. (2005). Experiential tourism around the world and at home: definitions and standards. International Journal of Services and Standards, 2(1), 1-14.
- Socio-Economic Situation of the RA (January-December 2017). p. 132. Available online: http://armstat.am/file/article/sv_12_17a_421.pdf.
- Social-Economic Situation of the RA 2010-2018. Available online: www.armstat.am.
- Socio-Economic Situation in 2017 (2017). January-October of the RA. p. 119, Available online: http://armstat.am/file/article/sv_10_17a_432.pdf.
- Statistical yearbook of Armenia (2017). p. 146, 150. Available online: http://armstat.am/file/doc/99504493.pdf.
- The law of the Republic of Armenia “About tourism and tourist activities” (2003).
- Tourism Development Plan of the RA (2008). p. 28.
- Travel & Tourism Economic Impact 2017 Armenia. Available online: https://www.wttc.org/-/media/files/reports/economic-impact-research/countries-2017/armenia2017.pdf.
- Travel & Tourism Economic Impact 2017 World. Available online: https://www.wttc.org/-/media/files/reports/economic-impact-research/regions-2017/world2017.pdf.
- West, P. (2008). Tourism as science and science as tourism. Current Anthropology, 49(4), 597-626.