SN Singh, Dr, Associate Professor of Economics and Law in the Department of Economics, Faculty of Business and Economics, Mettu University, Ethiopia
This paper summarizes the arguments and counterarguments within the scientific discussion on the issues of population growth and socio-economic development in Ethiopia. The main purpose of the research is to analyze the relationships between population growth and socio-economic development in Ethiopia on broad scene and case study is supported to the Mettu town of Ethiopia. Systematization literary sources and approaches for solving the problem have been adopted for the data collection, methodology followed, analysis and presentation. The result indicates that there is a negative impact of population growth on socio-economic development in the town concern. The relevance of the de-cision of this scientific problem is that how population growth affects socio-economic development in the country. Investigation of the research topic on population growth and socio-economic develop-ment in Ethiopia have been carried out in the following logical sequence: the causes of population growth including both natural and migration particularly from rural to urban areas, how the population growth affects various socio-economic indicators like income, wealth and material possession etc. The methodological tools of the research methods were descriptive statistical analysis including quan-titative and qualitative techniques. The research is conducted recently particularly in the year 2018. The object of research is the chosen at country level, followed by regions, and town, because namely they Ethiopia, Oromia and Mettu respectively. The paper presents the results of an empirical analysis of population growth and its impact on the family size, dependence ratio and unemployment etc, which showed that high population directly affect the land fragmentation, shortage of food per capita at some household level, shortage of social and economic services and other co-related associated problems. The research empirically confirms and theoretically proves that there is an inverse relation-ship of population growth on socio-economic development in Ethiopia. The results of the research can be useful for the policy makers, academicians and researchers etc.
Keywords: population growth, socio-economic development, marriage polygamy and family planning.
JEL Classification: J11, O12, D12.
Cite as: Singh, SN (2019). Population Growths and Socio-Economic Development: An Analysis of Mettu Town of Ethiopia. SocioEconomic Challenges, 3(1), 52-63. http://doi.org/10.21272/sec.3(1).52-63.2019.
- Abdi Mano (1994). The nexus among environmental population and agricultural development in Ethiopia, 3rd edition.
- Adam, A. G.(2014). Informal settlements in the peri-urban areas of Bahir Dar, Ethiopia: an institutional analysis. Habitat International, 43, 90-97.
- Administrative office of Mettu town (2008). Oromia region of Ethiopia.
- Aman, M. (2014).Postharvest loss estimation of cut rose (Rosa hybrida) flower farms: economic analysis in East Shoa Zone, Ethiopia. International Journal of Sustainable Economy, 6(1), 82-95.
- Ashford, Lori S. (2009). Africa’s Youthful Population: Risk or Opportunity? USAID, Population Reference Bureau. Website: www.prb.org.
- Berhanu Nega and Befekadu Degefe (1999). Annual report on Ethiopia; the Ethiopia economics association ends. Addis Ababa.
- Bhatia, H.L. (1989). History of Economic Thought, 3rd ed. Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd.
- Birdsall, N. (1989). Economic analyses of rapid population growth. The World Bank Research Observer, 4(1), 23-50.
- Coale, A. J. and Hoover, E. M. (1958). Population Growth and Economic Development in Low Income Populations. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
- Galor, O. and Weil, D. N. (2000). Population, Technology,
- and Growth: From Malthusian Stagnation to the Demographic Transition and Beyond. The American Economic Review, 90(4), 806-828.
- Hajela, T.N. (1967) History of Economic Thought.
- Harrison, P. (1992). The Third Revolution: Population, Environment and a Sustainable World. Penguin Books Ltd, England.
- Hogedorn, J.C. (1994). Economic Development. NewYork, Harper Collins Publisher.
- Kremer, M. (1993). Population growth and technological change: one million BC to 1990. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 108(3), 681-716
- Latimer, A., Kulkarni, K. (2008). Population Explosion and Economic Development: Comparative Analysis of Brazil and Mexico. Knowledge Hub, the Journal of Rajiv Academy for Technology and Management (RATM), 4(2), 57-70.
- Malthusian, T.R. (1798). An Essay on the principle of population. Oxford University Press. New York.
- Mankiw, N., Romer, D., Weil, D. (1992). A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth. QJE, 107(2), 407-437.
- Merrick, T.W. (2002). Population and Poverty: New Views on an Old Controversy. Int. Fam. Plann. Perspect., 28(1), 41- 46.
- Meire (1989). Leading Issue In Economic Development. NewYork; Oxford University Press.
- Mutunga, C. and Hardee, K. (2009). Population and Reproductive Health in National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs) for Climate Change, In Population and climate change, edited by José Miguel Guzmán, M.J., Martine, G., McGranahan, G., Schensul, D. and Tacoli, C.
- Nafziger, E. (2006). Economic Development, Fourth Edition. Cambridge University Press, New York.
- Ogawa, Naohiro and Rikiya Matsukura (2005). Ageing in Japan: The Health and Wealth of Older Persons. In: United Nations Expert Group Meeting On Social and Economic Implications of Changing Population Age Structures Mexico City, 31 August – 2 September 2005.
- Ray, H. (1998). World Population Trends. New York, Oxford University Press.
- Szotak, R. (2009). The Causes of Economic Growth. Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Berlin: Springer.
- Tietenberg, Thomas H. (1992). Environmental And Natural Resource Economics.
- Todaro (1994). Development Economics.
- UN (2011a). World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision, CD-ROM Edition, New York: Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
- Yao, W., Kinugasa, T. and Hamori, S. (2013). An empirical analysis of the relationship between economic development and population growth in China. Applied Economics, 45(33), 4651-4661.
- Yousif, H. (2009). How Demography Matters for Measuring Development Progress in Africa? Afr. Stat. J., 8, 12-27.
- Zinash Zeleke (2004). Annual Report Of Ethiopia.